Sub-regional Courts & Mechanisms
ECOWAS Court of Justice
The ECOWAS Court of Justice is an organ of the Community and as such is established by Protocol A/P.1/7/91 and the Supplementary Complementary Protocol A/SP.1/01/05 under the Treaty of the Community. The Protocol was adopted on 6 July 1991 and entered into force on 5 November 1996. The Authority of Heads of State and Government elects the seven members of the Court. The term for each member of the court is five years, subject to renewal for one more five-year term. Members of the Court are disallowed from taking up “administrative and political activity” or “engaging in any occupation of a professional nature”. This makes them full-time members. The first Bench took the oath on 30 July 2001 in Bamako, Mali. The rules of procedure were published in 2002.
ECOWAS CCJ Seat: Lagos, Nigeria
States subject to ECOWAS CCJ jurisdiction: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.